|Process Map type
|What it looks like
|Basic flow chart
|Visually shows the sequence of activities.
|Easy to see the process. Detection feasible of overprocessing and with observation inventory, waiting, overproduction and defects.
|Maps the process flow activities by function.
|The swimlanes allow mapping by function/role and will allow detection overprocessing and potential bottlenecks and with observation inventory, waiting, overproduction and defects.
|Value Stream map
|Maps the material and information flow, cycle and lead times of a high level key revenue stream process.
|Used to map and record inventories, cycle and lead times, manpower levels and equipment efficiencies. Used to calculate line balance and takt time. Captures current state before proposing improved future state.
|Visual representation of physical process transportation and motion.
|Enables identification of process movement waste either for longer routes (transportation) or shorter movements (motion) for both material/ information and people flow. Ideal to compare a current and future state for redesigning a layout.
(Supplier, Inputs, Process, Outputs and Customers)
|High level process map to identify process boundaries and key inputs and outputs for the process and relationships with suppliers and customers.
|Maps the start and end of the process and provides an overview of the process. Useful to record key inputs and outputs for the generic process which can indicate potential failure modes.